Pen, Penn



Area of origin

Scotland, NW England, Wales

Area of use

Scotland, NW England, Wales

A hill either as a prefix, suffix or as part of the name [D.A.]


Pen is a Brythonic or Cumbric word for hill, as in the name Penrith.
It has been absorbed into both name of hills and of place-names.
Pennsylvania means a wooded or forested hill.
Penicuik means the Hill of The Cuckoo.
Torpenhow Hill is rather an extreme as all four syllables mean hill…..[D.A.]

Example locations

  • Penrith
  • Penicuik
    Midlothian, Scotland
  • Pendle
    East Lancashire

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Entry contributors:

Derek Angleis